Simbol-Simbol Negeri Republik Kazakhstan

NATIONAL EMBLEM OF KAZAKHSTAN

The Emblem is one of the main symbols of the state.

The history is an evidence of the fact that the nomads of the Bronze Age that inhabited the territory of modern Kazakhstan identified themselves with a special symbol which is called totem. Its graphical expression further got the name “tamga". This term has been for the first time used in the Turkic Khaganate.

The Emblem of the sovereign Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. The authors of the State Emblem are Kazakhstan's famous architects Zhandarbek Malibekov and Shot-Aman Ualikhanov.

The State Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan has the shape of a circle (wheel). It is a symbol of life and eternity that was especially valued among the nomads of the Great Steppes.

The central heraldic element of the State Emblem is the image of shanyrak (an arched cross-shaped top of the Kazakh yurt) against a sky blue background which irradiates uyks (supports or bearings of the yurt) in the form of sunrays to all sides. On both right and left of shanyrak there are images of mythical winged quarter horses. At the top of Emblem there is a volumetric five-pointed star. There is also the inscription “Kazakhstan" at the bottom of the Emblem. The images of shanyrak, uyks, and mythical horses, as well as the inscriptions “Kazakhstan", have the colour of gold.

Shanyrak is a main backbone part of the yurt that resembles a blue sky. It is also one of the key elements of Kazakh family dwelling in the traditional culture of Eurasian nomads. The image of shanyrak on the State Emblem of the republic is a symbol of common home and common homeland of all people living in Kazakhstan. The stable development of Kazakhstan depends on welfare of each citizen just like the strength and stability of shanyrak depends on reliability of all its uyks.

The winged mythical horses, tulpars, are the key heraldic element of the State Emblem. The image of the horse stands for such notions as bravery since time immemorial. The wings symbolize a centuries-old dream of multinational people of Kazakhstan to build a strong and prosperous nation. They represent pure thoughts and aspiration to successive and constructive development. The golden wings of racers also resemble golden sheaves of grain that are a sign of labor of the people of Kazakhstan and material welfare of the country.

In centuries past the horns are often used during ceremonial rites of nomads as well as a finial to their fighting banners. The images of heavenly grace, fertility of the earth and the military fortune in the form of various animals' horns are always considered as integral parts in symbolic compositions of different peoples. Therefore, a winged horse with a horn of plenty is an important typological image which has deep semantic and historical roots.

Another element on the coat of arms is a five-pointed star. This symbol is used by man from ancient times and represents constant aspiration of people to the light of truth and the pursuit of the sublime and eternal matter. The image of a star on the State Emblem reflects the dream of people to build a state open to all countries of the world for cooperation and partnership. Hearts and arms of the people of Kazakhstan are open to representatives from all five continents.

The primary colour of the State Emblem is the colour of gold, which serves as a symbol of wealth, justice and magnanimity. The colour of blue sky symbolizes a serene sky, peace and prosperity.


Lambang Kebangsaan Republik Kazakhstan

Lambang Negara Republik Kazakhstan mempunyai bentuk linkaran, dimana ianya merupakan imej shanyrak (bahagian atas berkubah dari yurt), bagi latar belakang berwarna biru, ianya (Menyokong) atau berpaut dalam semua arah bentuk sinar Matahari. Di sebelah kanan dan kiri shanyrak adalah gambar kuda bersayap mitos (Peagasus). Dimana di bahagian atas terdapat lima bintang bertitik columetrik, dan di bahagian bawah terdapat sebuah tulisan “Qazaqstan”. Imej bintang, shanyrak, uky, kuda bersayap mitos, juga tulisan “Qazaqstan” adalah dalam warna emas.

Bendera Negeri Republik Kazakhstan berbentuk segi empat sama, yang berwarna biru langit, dengan imej matahari di tengahnya, serta imej Helang padang rumput yang berterbangan di bawahnya. Sebelah kanan bendera tersebut, terdapat jalur kuning keemasan menegak dengan corak hiasan kebangsaan Kazakhstan. Imej-imej Matahari, Sinar, Helang dan perhiasan berwarna Emas. Nisbah lebar dan panjang bendera tersebut ialah: 1:2.


LAGU KEBANGSAAN REPUBLIK KAZAKHSTAN

Lagu : Shamshi Kaldayakov

Lirik : Zhumeken Nazhimedenov dan Nursultan Nazarbayev

Langit Matahari Daripada Keemasan

Padang Rumput Daripada Benih Emas

Legenda Keberanian

Lihatlah Negara Ku! Dari Zaman Dahulu

Kemuliaan Pendekar Kami Muncul

Mereka Tidak Melepaskan Kebanggaan Mereka

Rakyat Kazakh Kuat!)

(Korus)

Negara Ku, Negara Ku

Demi Bunga Mu, Akan Ku Tanam

Demi Lagu Mu, Akan Ku Mengalir, Negara Ku!)

Tanah Air Ku – Kazakhstan Ku!)

Jalan Dibuka Kepada Keturunan Ku

Ku Mempunyai Tanah Yang Luas

Ku Mempunyai Perpaduan Yang Betul

Negara Yang Merdeka

Masa Sentiasa Dialukan

Seperti Kawan Abadi

Negara Kami Bahagia

Begitulah Negara Kita

(Korus 2x)

Negara Ku, Negara Ku

Demi Bunga Mu, Akan Ku Tanam

Demi Lagu Mu, Akan Ku Mengalir, Negara Ku!)

Tanah Air Ku – Kazakhstan Ku!)

Created at : 11.04.2017, 15:30, Updated at : 1.04.2019, 18:05