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Energy is the central element of modern global economy. It defines positive and negative trends therein, as well as the pace of development of individual areas and states.
Today the most promising area in the world is “green energy”, i.e. technologies for obtaining energy from renewable sources (RES). Their development and improvement are based on the need to replenish energy shortage, to resolve environmental issues and to launch a new phase of technological development of the world economy. The range and scale of RES is very broad – from local wind power stations to global projects for obtaining energy from space.
Green energy is a set of promising methods for obtaining, transfer and use of energy, which are not as widespread as traditional methods. However, their long-term prospects are unquestionable.
“Green energy” is closely connected with ecology. Compared with traditional sources – for example, hydrocarbons – the use of RES is not harmful for the planet's ecosystem, and, therefore, it does not cause climate change. Modern post-industrial world requires refocusing in economy to meet the needs of people taking into account interaction with environment. “Green energy” development should become an obligatory condition for sustainable development and shall be the basis for conservation of natural systems and maintenance of sufficient quality environment.
“Astana EXPO-2017” sets the task to gather the best developments in these fields in order to demonstrate not only the future energy, but also the problematic issues of developing countries, connected with the need in it, in the local territory within 93 days. The leading world experts, who will meet in Astana, will discuss the ways to make “green energy”, its availability, sustainability and economy the main development trend for further decades.