I would like to join previous speakers in congratulating the Italian Chairmanship on fulfilling its important mission of guiding our Organization throughout this year and thank you, Minister Enzo Moavero Milanesi, for hosting today's concluding Ministerial Meeting. We are facing challenging times, and political will to work collectively and constructively towards a common agenda in all dimensions of security is extremely indispensable nowadays.Kazakhstan has steadfastly supported the efforts of the OSCE, its chairmanships and participating States to strengthen the OSCE's authority and presence through constructive dialogue.
We wholeheartedly back the motto of the Italian Chairmanship “Dialogue, Ownership, Responsibility" since we believe these elements can lead participating States to a greater unity in the OSCE.Upholding principles of the Helsinki Final Act the Astana 2010 OSCE Summit agreed on “vision of a free, democratic, common and indivisible Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security community", but we could not agree on how we should proceed to that.
The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev, who recently stated that if we were able even in the time of Cold War to conclude in 1975 Helsinki Final Act, we have to think to mark the 45th Anniversary by convening a special meeting on the outstanding issues of security and cooperation in the OSCE area in 2020.In this regard, I am grateful to the President of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly Mr. Tseretelli for underlining this initiative of my President.At the 12th “ASIA-EUROPE" Summit (ASEM) in October 2018, President Nursultan Nazarbayev emphasized underlined an importance of the resolution of international confrontations by the joint discussion of the leaders of the EU, Russia, the United States and China. This could be arranged as a special session under UN umbrella or we can offer Astana as a platform for such high level meeting.
Kazakhstan supports the activities within the Informal Working Group on Structured Dialogue, which we consider one of the main elements to restore confidence and trust, both in the Euro-Atlantic and Euro-Asian parts of the OSCE.We believe this platform should not only be used for political debates; instead, we believe that conducting more practical steps to promote Structured Dialogue, such as direct military to military contacts should be continued.
The main efforts should be focused on developing the issues related to military activity and verification activities, as well as on strengthening measures to increase transparency in the exchange of information on armed forces.We commend the work of the Italian Chairmanship in dealing with conflicts in the OSCE area and support efforts aimed at developing confidence-building measures, resolution of the crisis in and around Ukraine, as well as the settlement of “protracted conflicts" in the OSCE area. Kazakhstan considers it important to continue the negotiation process on conflicts in the spirit of constructiveness and mutual respect for their settlement by peaceful and diplomatic means.We welcome positive developments in the Transdniestrian settlement process, which were possible due to joint efforts of Chisinau and Tiraspol in close cooperation with the OSCE, Italian Chairmanship, co-mediators and observers.As for the Kosovo issue, a position of Kazakhstan is to keep promoting dialogue between the parties in compliance with the UN Security Council Resolution 1244, including our commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia.
We believe that the preventive tool box of the OSCE to tackle existing conflicts, growing challenges like terrorism, radicalization, human trafficking and uncontrolled migrants influx, should be further developed. The role of the Astana process on Syria in reducing challenges for Europe is significant for Euro-Mediterranean security.
The Eurasian security aspects set by the 2010 OSCE Astana Declaration should be kept since the situation in Afghanistan is also important in ensuring stability and security in the OSCE area. Kazakhstan strongly supports and contributes to viewing Afghanistan as an important and high-potential partner. Therefore we underline the critical importance of connectivity and enhanced interaction between Afghanistan and neighboring countries, inter alia by implementing regional infrastructure, trade, investment and transit transportation projects. The main reason for the recession in the Afghan economy, according to experts, continues to be a lack of security, which is closely linked to development issues. Therefore, we plan to host the 2019 OSCE High-level event on Afghanistan to discuss regional partnership as a model for the security-development nexus.
We highly encourage the promotion of synergy between OSCE and international institutions, which play a significant role in the development of regional and sub-regional co-operation in tackling current security challenges. Therefore, we propose to arrange a joint meeting of the Secretariats of OSCE, CICA and the ASEAN Regional Forum to discuss matters of ensuring comprehensive security in the Eurasian space.
In times of rising intolerance and xenophobia in the OSCE area, providing a platform for enhancing dialogue is a good tool for preventive and mediation efforts. This tool is effectively used by Kazakhstan through holding the Congress of the Leaders of World and Traditional Religions. We are delighted that this year the Congress contributed to promoting mutual understanding and tolerance in societies and countries and adopted a Declaration that stresses the importance of cooperation between leaders of world and traditional religions with state and public institutions, NGOs and international organizations in promoting peaceful coexistence of peoples and states.Threats of extremism and terrorism dictate the need for a stronger consolidation of the efforts of the entire world community, including OSCE participating States. We express our gratitude to the Italian chairmanship, which paid particular attention to the issues of the returning foreign terrorist fighters.We recall the initiatives voiced by President Nazarbayev at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly aimed at establishing a Global Counter-Terrorism Network under the auspices of the United Nations and the adoption of a UN comprehensive document for combating terrorism.
We are delighted to note that more than 70 countries have signed the Code of Conduct towards Achieving a World Free of Terrorism, including OSCE participating States, as well as Asian and Mediterranean partners for cooperation last September in New York.Effective action to combat terrorism requires active interaction between regional structures, governments, law enforcement agencies, academia and civil society. In this regard, we commend the work of a Regional Hub to counter global threats that has already successfully organized together with the OSCE structures a range of important events in tackling transnational threats. We note that the Regional hub might serve as the OSCE platform in Central Asia to train law enforcement officers, scholars and professionals from our region and beyond. Hence, the implementation of this idea would serve as one of the first steps towards a cross-dimensional approach to develop Security Sector Governance and Reform (SSG/R) in the region.
We strongly believe in utmost necessity of developing connectivity not only between participating States, but among international and regional organizations as well for promotion of peace and security. The OSCE can promote greater compatibility of regional economic and transport integration processes and, ultimately, lead to the formation of a single economic space from the Atlantic to the Pacific. We remain committed to the idea of Greater Eurasia, which will unite the Eurasian Economic Union, Belt and Road Initiative and the European Union into a unified integration project of the 21st century.
I would like to thank the Italian Chairmanship for the trust extended to Kazakhstan as a Chair of the second committee. I believe that priorities of the Italian Chairmanship in the second dimension aiming to enhance dialogue on issues of promoting economic progress and security in the OSCE area through innovation, human capital development, digital transformation and good public and corporate governance opened new avenues for mutually beneficial cooperation.We share the vision of the Chairmanship on the vast potential of the second dimension as a bridge-builder and an area where consensus on many vital issues might be found. The economic and environmental dimension offers many opportunities for co-operation.
One of these opportunities is the establishment of a new generation OSCE presence in Astana which would become a pragmatic step in the evolution process based on the success story of the existing field operation. We believe that this new entity should focus on sustainable connectivity via means of exchange of best practices, analytical and research work. Through it Kazakhstan will not only receive, accumulate and implement knowledge, but also disseminate best practices in the OSCE region. We hope that the OSCE participating States will support our noble initiative for the benefit of the entire Organization.
In conclusion let me reiterate our full support to the incoming Slovakian Chairmanship
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