(10 May, 2016, Trusteeship Council Chamber, UN HQ, New York)
I would like to first of allcommend you Mr. President for calling this important meeting for all of us to share strategic thoughts about how the United Nations can promote peace and security in an effective and innovative manner.
Welive today in an ever more globalizing world where threats unfortunately are not any more constrained by national borders and where states are still driven by military competition, rivalries, trade wars, and the like at the expense of development.
We therefore need to embracea broader notion of peace, from state-centric concepts to people-oriented security, and must start now with decisive actions based on genuine mutual trust and confidence between states.
This constitutes the core of the April 2016 Manifesto of President NursultanNazarbayev called, “The World. 21st Century“, which we formally distributed in the UN and other fora as Kazakhstan’s Peace Document.
The changing nature of conflicts demands a new, robust and multidimensional approach by the United Nations,combining peacekeeping, peace building and sustainable development.
As the United Nations is set to select its next head, we need to reckon an increased role for the Secretary-General in preventive diplomacy, mediation and national reconciliation. The Security Council, the entire UN system and regional organizations, must also step up engagement with civil society and religious leaders in mediation and reconciliation efforts. Kazakhstan is fully committed to implement measures recommended by the Independent panel on UN peacekeeping operations.
The High Level Conversation on Religions for Peace convened by you, Mr. President, three days ago,denounced the alleged links between terrorism and religions, and stressed the need to foster mutual trust and respect.
A declaration by Presidents of Kazakhstan and Turkey on Islamic rapprochement at the recent OIC Summit in Istanbul is just one example of the urgent need for pro-active diplomacy to resolve deep-lying and destructive crisis of trust and misunderstanding.
The rise of violence, terrorism and extremism, as we all recognize today, has become the global scourge of the XXI century. Kazakhstan, strongly supports the Secretary General’s Plan of Action to prevent violent extremism, as well as the Global counter-terrorism strategy.We werethe first state in ourpart of the worldto endorse UN Security Council resolution 2178 (2014)and to host a Ministerial meeting for Central, South Asia and Caucasus to implement it at regional level. We are eager to work with the UN and regional bodies and actually call on all nations to build consensus on a uniform definition of terrorism and violent extremism as well as a comprehensive lists of terrorist entities. We believe that the adoption of a comprehensive and binding UN Convention on international terrorism is long overdue and stand ready to press this issue forward. We therefore call on MemberStates to endorse a proposal tabled by myPresident at the last high-level plenary meeting in September to establish a global anti-terrorist coalition or networkunder the auspices of the UN,together with universal mechanisms to bring perpetrators to justice.
Any serious commitment to peace must have nuclear disarmamentas its top priority.
A nuclear free world,as envisaged in Kazakhstan’s Peace Manifesto, is an ambitious yet achievable goalthrough robust and result-oriented nuclear negotiations.It is also important to enhance existing and build new nuclear-weapon-free zones, most importantly in the Middle East. We therefore fully subscribe to the proposal recently made in Geneva by the UN Open-ended Working Group to convene a negotiating conference in 2017 for a legally-binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons. We need to move away decisively from the idea of military blocs, and ensure that nuclear energy is used only for peaceful purposes.As we struggle with the impact of hundreds of atomic tests in Kazakhstan, a world free of nuclear weapons is crucial to us. That is why Kazakhstan promoted the GA resolution endorsing the Universal Declaration on the Achievement of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World. It is the first step towards a Convention as proposed by the Secretary-General in his Five Point Proposal on nuclear disarmament. We urge all countries to take the necessary steps to bring into force the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty which has now stalled for over 20 years.
Our decision to voluntarily close our nuclear test site and renounce our massive nuclear arsenal indicates our determination to pro-actively pursue disarmament for a safer, secure world in 2045, which will mark the UN Centenary. We also call for significant reductions inconventional arms. To this end, Kazakhstan has proposed that all Member States allocate annually one per cent of their military budgets forthepurposes of development.
In addition to the above, building peaceful, inclusive, just and prosperous societies at global, regional and domestic levels requires collective action for economic, social and human development through Agenda 2030, as well as the Addis Ababa Action Plan.
I am proud of Kazakhstan’s success in achieving the Millennium Development Goals and we are eager to share our experiences with the wider region.
Despite the abundance of fossil energy resources in Kazakhstan, we are absolutely committed to developing a green economy, and plan to generate 50 per cent of our electricity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2050. We thus strongly support the objectives of Secretary-General’s initiative on Sustainable Energy for All.
Our capital city Astana will host the international EXPO 2017 on the theme: Future Energy, as a major follow up event to the historic Paris Climate Change Agreement, which we will ratify, and we commit to it, before the end of this year. The OIC Summit on Science and Technology that we will host in the framework of Astana EXPO 2017, will boost transfer of green technologies and accelerate broader South-South cooperation.
Addressing the nexus between energy and health, women, food, water and other development issues is at the core of our national agenda.
It was at Kazakhstan’s initiative that an Islamic Food Security Organization was established in Astana last month. This is a striking example of what can be achieved with vision and good will.
In line with the goals of Agenda 2030, Kazakhstan has made water and food security the linchpin of its plans for economic and human development, both at home and abroad.
Peace and security is a topic of our debate today. Kazakhstan is ready to fully engage in joint efforts to deliver on these noble goals.
For that matter, my President has proposed to the international community to develop a Plan 2045 to commemorate UN’s 100th anniversary with the goal of putting an end to all wars and human suffering to open space for overall development.Agenda 2030 can be an essential building block in paving the way towards 2045 when we hope the 100 year-old UN will helm the world of genuine peace and prosperity.
My country has a bold agenda for decades to come as fixed in our long-term national strategy Kazakhstan 2050. It has the promotion of peace, dialogue and development at its heart and will help drive progress towards these goals. It is for this reason that we have put forward our bid for a non-permanent seat on the Security Council for 2017-2018.
Our campaign is centered on the synergy of four pillars of disarmament, and food, water and energy security, which are crucial for all nations around the world.
I hope these universal objectives, as well as our track record of strong support for the UN and its values, will encourage as many countries as possible to support our nomination.
We will spare no effort in our determination to work with the international community to achieve the noble goals of peace, human well-being and development.
I thank you very much.
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