Kazakhstan - Germany

General information

 December 31, 1991 – the Federal Republic of Germany recognised the sovereignty of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

 February 11, 1992 – the establishment of diplomatic relations.

 December 1992 – the opening of the German Embassy in Almaty.

 September 1993 – the opening of the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in Bonn, which was relocated to Berlin in 1999.

Since 2019 Dauren Karipov has been the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the Federal Republic of Germany.

Since 2018 Tilo Klinner has been the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Federal Republic of Germany to the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Political Cooperation

Highest level visits. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev has made 7 official visits to Germany (in 1992, 1997, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2012).

The official visit of President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev to Berlin in February 2012 took place in the year marking the 20th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Kazakhstan and the FRG, during which the President held talks with Federal President Christian Wulff, Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel, and business circles of Germany, as well as took part in the opening of the Berlin Eurasian Club.

Visits to Kazakhstan were made by President of the Federal Republic of Germany Roman Herzog (1995), Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (2003), Federal President Horst Köhler (2008), Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel (July, December 2010) and Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier (July 2017).

In July 2010, during the first official visit to Kazakhstan, Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel held talks with President Nursultan Nazarbayev and Prime Minister Karim Massimov. In the course of her second visit in December 2010, Federal Chancellor Merkel participated in the OSCE summit in Astana and met with the Head of State.

On July 12, 2017 during his official visit to Astana, Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier held talks with President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev and participated in the opening of the National Day of Germany at EXPO 2017.

High level visits. Visits to Kazakhstan: German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle (2010, 2012) and Frank-Walter Steinmeier (November 2014).

Visits to Germany: Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Erzhan Kazykhanov (July, December 2011), First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Serik Akhmetov (2012), Prime Minister Serik Akhmetov (October 2012), Minister of Foreign Affairs Erlan Idrissov (February 2013, December 2016), Deputy Prime Minister - Minister of Industry and New Technologies Asset Issekeshev (2014), First Deputy Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev (September 2015).

Interparliamentary relations.

Interparliamentary relations between Kazakhstan and Germany develop dynamically as evidenced by mutual visits of parliamentary delegations of the two countries.

Thus, visits to Germany were made by Speaker of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nurlan Nigmatulin (November 2012), Deputy Chairperson of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan Dariga Nazarbayeva (January 2015), Chairman of the Senate of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan K. J. Tokayev (participated in the Munich Security Conference in 2015 and 2017).

In turn, Kazakhstan was visited by: President of the Bundestag Norbert Lammert (2010), Special Representative of the Federal Government of Germany for the OSCE Chairmanship in 2016, Coordinator of Intersocietal Cooperation with Russia, Central Asia and the countries of the Eastern partnership of the Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs of Germany, Deputy of German Bundestag Gernot Erler (February 2015), Vice-President of the German Bundestag Johannes Zinghammer, Honorary Chairman of the Council of Elders of the Left Party of Germany Hans Modrow (September 2015).

 Kazakh MPs regularly meet with members of the Parliamentary Group Germany - Central Asia in the Bundestag.

Trade and Economic Cooperation

Germany is one of the leading partners of Kazakhstan in the EU. Trade and economic relations between the two countries are characterized by consistent strengthening and the search for new opportunities for economic cooperation at the federal and regional levels.

In recent years, there has been a slight decrease in the pace of trade and economic cooperation between Kazakhstan and Germany, and as a result, in the trade turnover, which in 2016 amounted to 1.7 billion USD (exports - 262 million, imports - 1.44 billion), which is 26.7 percent less compared to the same period in 2015 (2.328 billion). The trade turnover for 2017 amounted to about 1.9 billion USD (exports - 418.2 million, imports -1.48 billion).

Traditionally, Germany's leading export items include machinery and equipment, electrical appliances, cars, appliances, medicines. Kazakhstan supplies hydrocarbons (with the specific weight of 90 percent), metals, chemical raw materials, ferroalloys.

During Frank-Walter Steinmeier's visit to Kazakhstan, 21 agreements were signed worth about 1 billion USD, which proves the great interest of German investors in our country. About 90 percent of German investments go to the non-primary sector of the Kazakh economy.

Over the past 5 years, 19 major investment projects in construction, trade, industrial production, field development, etc. worth about 2.4 billion euros have been implemented. The largest partners are Siemens, Knauf, MetroCash & Carry, Heidelberg Cement, Quaesta Capital, Linde AG and others.

Overall, there are more than 1,500 economic entities with German capital registered in Kazakhstan, including joint ventures, representative offices of German companies and banks. More than 900 German companies operate actively in the country. The countries cooperate in the manufacturing industry, construction, transport and communications, agriculture, other public, social and personal services and other sectors of the economy. Such well-known German concerns as Daimler, Volkswagen, Man, RWE, Knauf, EADS, Bayer, BASF, Bosch, METRO and others are represented in Kazakhstan.

Germany is Kazakhstan's leading partner in the development of dual vocational education in Kazakhstan. At present, dual education system has been introduced in more than 400 Kazakh vocational education institutions with the participation of local enterprises in 80 specialties and 160 qualifications. Joint work on dual education is carried out with German enterprises, which will provide assistance through such measures as expert support to develop curricula and ensure advanced training of teachers and other education specialists.

 Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation

Kazakhstan and Germany actively develop bilateral cultural and humanitarian cooperation.

The coordinating body for the development of the Kazakh-German cultural cooperation is the Mixed Commission on Cultural Cooperation. The last 5th meeting of the Commission was held on November 30, 2017 in Astana.

A successful example of cooperation in the field of education is the German-Kazakh University (GKU) in Almaty. Kazakhstan also opened the branches of the Goethe-Institute and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

Moreover, due to the increasing number of Kazakh students receiving education in Germany, the office of the Bolashak Center for International Programs was opened in Berlin in 2009.

2009 was the Year of Kazakhstan in Germany, and 2010 was the Year of Germany in Kazakhstan. The Kazakh Library joint project has been carried out since 2006. The works of Abai, Mukhtar Auezov, Ilyas Yessenberlin, Abish Kekilbayev, Abdizhamil Nurpeissov, Takhaui Akhtanov, Herold Belger, Olzhas Suleimenov, other writers and poets of Kazakhstan have been published in German. About 20 books of Kazakh writers have been published as part of the project. In 2011-2012 Mukhtar Auezov's work The Path of Abai and the three volumes of Ilyas Yessenberlin's trilogy Nomads were republished in German.

The first lectures in Western Europe “Kazakhstan and the Kazakh language" were opened at the Humboldt University of Berlin in 2010. The Economic and Cultural Centre of Kazakhstan has been operating in Berlin since 2014.

Citizens of Kazakhstan of German origin (about 180 thousand people), as well as former residents of Kazakhstan (more than 900 thousand people) and ethnic Kazakhs (about 1,000 people) living in Germany play an important role in the development of cultural and humanitarian cooperation in the relations between the two countries. The Kazakh-German Intergovernmental Commission for Ethnic Germans living in the Republic of Kazakhstan was established to support the interests of the German diaspora in Kazakhstan. The 15th IGC meeting was held on July 11, 2017 in Astana.

Regional German ethno-cultural associations operate successfully, the republican newspaper «Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung» is being published, and the Association of Germans of Kazakhstan «Wiedergeburt» is active in Kazakhstan.

Created at : 4.12.2013, 12:11, Updated at : 10.06.2019, 15:00