Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
The main objective of UNESCO is to contribute to the strengthening of peace and security through the expansion of cooperation among peoples in the fields of education, science and culture in order to ensure universal respect for justice, law and human rights, as well as for the fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter for all peoples without distinction to race, gender, language or religion.
The constitution of UNESCO was adopted in November 1945 and cameinto effect on November 4, 1946.
UNESCO is the only international organization of the UN system that cooperates with member countries through the National Commissions for UNESCO specially created by governments. To date, there are 198 National Commissions in the world, their goals and functions are enshrined in the Constitution of UNESCO and the Statutes of National Commissions for UNESCO.
UNESCO includes 195 states (including Palestine, adopted in 2011) and 9 associate members. UNESCO has 50 offices in different countries. 184 states have their permanent missions to UNESCO in Paris. Headquarter is in Paris, France. The governing bodies of UNESCO are:
The General Conference, the highest governing body of UNESCO, meets every two years at the session. Each Member State has one vote. The Conference approves the UNESCO Program and Budget, takes decisions on the most important issues identified by the Executive Board.
The Executive Board includes 58 representatives of Member States. The Executive Council meets at the session 2 times a year, prepares the work of the General Conference and is responsible for the implementation of its decisions.
The Secretariat is the executive body of UNESCO. Under the direction of the Director General, elected for a 4-year term (in the past - a 6-year term), the Secretariat implements the adopted Program.
The general director is currently Audrey Azoulay (France), elected during the 39th session of the General Conference in 2017.
Kazakhstan became a member of UNESCO on May 22, 1992. Attaching great importance to active cooperation with UNESCO and integration into the world community, in December 1992, in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the National Commission of the Republic of Kazakhstan for UNESCOwas established and determines the priority areas of relations with the Organization. From 1993 until April 2014 the chairman of the National Commission was I.N. Tasmagambetov. From April 11, 2014 the National Commission is headed by the Minister of Culture and Sports of the Republic of Kazakhstan A. Mukhamediuly. The Secretary General of the National Commission since November 2017 - Deputy Director of the Department of International Cooperation of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Kazakhstan-D. Tulegenova.
Permanent Representative of Kazakhstan to UNESCO since November 2017 is AmbassadorZh.Galiev. Previously, the post of the Permanent Representative of Kazakhstan to UNESCO was heldby N.Danenov and O. Suleimenov.
Cooperation between the RK and UNESCO is carried out on the basis of the Agreement on the opening of the UNESCO Office in Almaty (1995).
The RK is a partof 15 international conventions under the auspices of UNESCO.
The active cooperation of the RK facilitated the decision by UNESCOto give a regional status to the UNESCO Office in Almaty in 2001. In the period from 2010 to 2015 the UNESCO Almaty Cluster Office for Central Asia was headed by the representative of the Russian Federation S. Lazarev (until 2017, the acting head of the Bureau was A. Shevelev). Since April 1, 2017 the Director of the Bureau is the representative of Estonia K. Pikkat.
During the years of cooperation, a number of important high-level visits were held:
In 1995 The Director General of UNESCO, Federico Mayor, visited Kazakhstan.
The Head of State made an official visit to UNESCO Headquarters in Paris in November 1995.
UNESCO Director General Koichiro Matsuura visited the Republic of Kazakhstan in June 1999 and in August 2001. The General Director also took part in the II Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions as an honored guest (September 12-14, 2006).
In May 2012 within the framework of the IV Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, the first official visit of Director-Generalof UNESCO Irina Bokova to the Republic of Kazakhstan was held. During the visit, she met with the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbayev, Chairman of the Senate of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Head of the Secretariat of the CongressK.Mami, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan E.Kazykhanov and Chairman of the National Commission, Mayor of Astana I.Tasmagambetov. At all levels, the cooperation between the Republic of Kazakhstan and UNESCO and the prospects for its further development in all directions were highly valued.
The second official visit of I. Bokova to the Republic of Kazakhstan was held in August 2013 within the framework of participation in the International Forum on the occasion of the inauguration of the International Decade for Rapprochement of Cultures (2013-2022).
On November 6, 2015. within the framework of his official visit to France, the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, N.A. Nazarbayev, took part in the 38th session of the UNESCO General Conference celebrating the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Organization.
Kazakhstan is the chairman of the Russian-speaking Group(18 countries) of the UNESCO General Conference, established at the 31st session in 2001.
At present, Kazakhstan is a member of the following UNESCO bodies:
- World Heritage Committee for the period 2013-2017;
- International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere Program for the period 2013-2017;
- Intergovernmental Council of the International Program for the Development of Communication for the period 2013-2017;
- Intergovernmental Council of the International Hydrological Program for 2015-2019.
On October 25-November 10, 2011 at the 36th session of the UNESCO General Conference the delegation of the Republic of Kazakhstan was headed by the Chairman of the National Commission I.Tasmagambetov. The UNESCO General Conference approved an initiative to create a Regional Glaciological Center under the auspices of UNESCO (category 2) as the world's first center to studying the melting process of glaciersin the city of Almaty. The opening of the center took place in December 2012 during the visit of the Deputy Director-General of UNESCO. On March 1st of 2017. The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan signed the Law on Ratification of the respective constituent Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and UNESCO.
In addition, the General Conference supported the resolution of the Republic of Kazakhstan (in co-authorship with 27 countries) on the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures for 2013-2022 (IDRC), whose goals are to preserve the positive momentum of the International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures (announced by the UN General Assembly in 2010 at the initiative of the RK) and contribute to the global dialogue on peacebuilding and UNESCO's strategy of "New Humanism in the 21st Century."
In 2017 within the framework of the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures (2013-2022), at the initiative of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbayev, the Center for the Rapprochement of Cultures in Almaty has been granted the status of an international institute of category II under the auspices of UNESCO.
In November 2013 the delegation of the Republic of Kazakhstan headed by the Chairman of the National Commission I.Tasmagambetov took part in the 37th General Conference of UNESCO. The member states unanimously adopted the resolutions initiated by Kazakhstan on the establishment of the IDRC Action Plan and the promotion of the UNESCO online platform on the Great Silk Road. As a result of timely and meaningful presentation of projects, the proposals of the Republic of Kazakhstan were included in the UNESCO Medium-Term Strategy until 2021.
Among the major international forums in the IDRC strategy is the Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, which is important in the context of further enhancing the role and authority of the Kazakhstan's initiative.
By the decision of the 36th session of the General Conference, Palestine was recognized as the 195th member state of UNESCO. In this regard, the US and Israel announced the termination of contributions to UNESCO (US share - 22% of the budget). From 2011to 2016 Kazakhstan has allocated more than 1 million USD to UNESCO as voluntary contributions in support of the Emergency Fund for Donor Assistance, IDRC and the activities of the UNESCO Cluster Office in Almaty.
Cooperation in the cultural sphere is carried out through the four National Committees created under the National Commission: on the World Heritage, the documentary heritage "Memory of the World", the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage (ICH) and ICOM (International Council of Museums).
5 nominations were included into the UNESCO World Heritage List: Khoja Ahmed Yassaui Mausoleum (2003), Petroglyphs of the archaeological landscape of Tamgaly (2004), Korgalzhyn and Nauryzum reserves in the nomination "Sary-Arka - Steppes and Lakes of Northern Kazakhstan" (2008), eight Kazakhstani sites (Kayalyk, Akramergen and Talgar settlements in Almaty oblast and Stepninskoye, Akyrtas, Kulan, Kostobe, Ornek in Zhambyl oblast) within the framework of joint serial cross-border nominationwith China and Kyrgyzstan "Silk Road: Chang'an-Chia route network (2014), as well as Aksu-Zhabaglinsky, Sairam-Ugam and Karatau Reserves within the framework of the joint nomination with Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan transnational "Western Tien-Shan" (2016).A projectto preserve the ancient site of Otrar was implementedWith the financial assistanceof Japan.
To the calendar of memorable dates and events of UNESCO the following were entered: the 150th anniversary of the birth of AbaiKunanbayev, the 100th anniversary of M.Auezov, the 1500th anniversary of the founding of Turkestan, the500th anniversary of Muhammad HaydarDulati, the centenary of the birth of S. Mukanov and K. Satpaev, the 2000th anniversary of the city of Taraz, the 200th anniversary of MakhambetUtemisov, the 100th anniversary of G.Musrepov, the 100th anniversary of the birth of the scientist AlkeyMargulan, the 100th anniversary of the birth of AbilkhanKasteev, the 100th jubilee of composer A.Zhubanov and the scientist AkzhanaMashani, the 500th anniversary of the epic "Kyz-Zhibek", the 100th anniversary of the birth of the scientist U.Akhmedsafin (2012), the 100th anniversary (2014), the 100th anniversary of writer I.Esenberlin (2015), the 150th anniversary of the birth of statesman A.Bokeikhan (2016), the 1000th anniversary of Almaty (2016), and The 850th anniversary of the death of Khoja Ahmed Yassaui (2016, joint application with Turkey).
In the years 2004-2011. the state program "Cultural Heritage" was implemented.
The International Register of UNESCO's documentary heritage "Memory of the World" from the Republic of Kazakhstan contains manuscripts of Khoja Ahmed Yassaui and his students, archival materials of the international anti-nuclear movement "Nevada-Semey", as well as Archival Funds of the Aral Sea. In 2016 nomination of Chagatai manuscript of the 18th century "HandarSheziresi" is presented.
To the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of mankind, with the participation of the Kazakhstan7 nominations have been submitted: national applications "Art of the implementation of the dombrakuy" (2014) and "Kazak Kuresi" (2016), joint with Kyrgyzstan nominations "Skills for manufacturing yurt" (2014g .) and Aytys / Aitysh, the art of improvisation (2015), as well as multinational applications Nauryz (12 countries), Falconry (18 countries), Thin Turkic Bread (5 countries). The last three were included in 2016. In December 2017 the national application "The Assyk games" was enteredto the list.
In 2008 in UNESCO, at the initiative of the RK, the first international conference "Great Migrations of Peoples" was held. In December 2011 at Columbia University (New York) the 2nd conference "Great Migrations of Peoples: the Population of America before Columbus", in December 2013in the Republic of Korea the 3rd conference "Settlement of Southeast Asia and the Far East", in December 2014 in Spain - the 4th conference "Population of Europe", in November 2016 at the Headquarters of UNESCO - the 5th conference "Population of Ancient Asia Minor" were organized. Since 2014 the project "Great Migration of Peoples" is included in the UNESCO Action Plan for IDRC.
In the field of education, the priority is to achieve UN's 4th Sustainable Development Goal "To ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and to create opportunities for lifelong learning for all".In 2017 The National Committee for Education was established at the National Commission.
Within the framework of the "Education for Sustainable Development Goals" Program, 100 schools in Kazakhstan implement the "EcoSchools" program, 800 schools use materials from the SPARE project (sustainable energy) in teaching geography, chemistry and physics. 28 schools of RK have certificates of UNESCO Associated Schools.
6 UNESCO departments were established in KazNU named after Al-Farabi (on journalism and sustainable development), KazNPU named after Abai (pedagogy), Institute of Oriental Studies named after R.Suleimenov (Department "Science and Spirituality"), ENU named after Gumilyov (on tolerance) and in the Kazakh-German University in Almaty (on water resources management).
The Kazakhstan Federation of UNESCO Clubs (KazFUKA), which unites 50 clubs, in August 2011, officially admitted to the World Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations. During the 23rd session of the Executive Board of the Asia-Pacific Federation of UNESCO Clubs (AFCUA), held in Almaty in September 2016, the president of KazFUKAB.Akchulakov was elected chairman of AFUKA until 2020.
In 2010 The first in Central Asia Regional Observatory of UNESCO for Intercultural and Creative Education was established on the basis of the first UNESCO Club in the Republic of Kazakhstan - Almaty School of Fine Arts and Technical Design named after A. Kasteev.
Cooperation in the scientific sphere is carried out through the four scientific national committees working on UNESCO's four global programs - the International Hydrological Program the Man and the Biosphere (MAB), Bioethics and the Global Geoparks of UNESCO.The last National Committee was established in February 2017 and plans - the nomination of the Ustyurt Plateau as the first UNESCO Global Geopark in CIS.
The MAB National Committee is constantly working to prepare nominations for the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Since 2011 and till the current workperiod of the National Committeesix biosphere reserves "Korgalzhyn" (2012), "Alakol" (2013), "Katon-Karagai", "Akzhayik" (2014), "Aksu-Zhabagly" (2015) and " Barsakelmes "(2016) from Kazakhstan were included for the first time. The issue of establishing a transboundary biosphere reserve "Altai" on the border territories of Kazakhstan and Russia is under consideration.
Work is in the field of information and communication is being continued. Since 2009 The UNESCO Almaty Office actively participated in the drafting of the Law on Access to Information. In September 2010 in Astana, UNESCO jointly with the NurOtan Party, the Human Rights Commission under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and UNDP held an international scientific and practical conference "Access to information in the Republic of Kazakhstan: the state and prospects." In October 2012 Almaty hosted an international conference dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the Alma-Ata Declaration on the Promotion of Independent and Pluralistic Media in Asia.
In September 2011 in Astana the Regional meeting of National commissionsof UNESCO of the countries of the Central Asia which became by 1st action of National commissions of region took place.
In the autumn of 2012 in Astana within the framework of the celebration "Astana - the cultural capital of the Turkic world", the Third meeting of the National Commissions for UNESCO of the TURKSOI countries was held.
August 23, 2013 in Astana, the International Forum on the occasion of the inauguration of the International Decade for Rapprochement of Cultures (2013-2022), with the participation of the leadership of UNESCO and the United Nations, prominent figures of politics, culture and science from all over the world took place in Astana.
October 14-16, 2013 in Almaty, the International Forum on the Great Silk Road, timed to the official launch of the world's first integrated online platform on the Great Silk Road, was held in Almaty.
In December 2013 The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbayev made a decision to awarding the Director General of UNESCO I.Bokova with the Order "Dostyk".The President of the National Commission, I.N. Tasmagambetov, presented the high state award on behalf of the Head of State on April 3, 2014.
July 22-24, 2014 Astana hosted the First Interregional Meeting of the National Commissions for UNESCO, which brought together the National Commissions of all regions of the world to strengthen their cooperation. Representatives of National Commissions from 125 countries of the world, as well as observers from ALECSO, IICAS and TURKSOI took part in the event.
Within the framework of the meeting, the ceremony of awarding the ex-Chairman of the National Commission, Akim of Astana I. Tasmagambetov with the UNESCO Medal for outstanding contribution to strengthening relations between UNESCO and Kazakhstan, as well as preserving the heritage of the Great Silk Road was held.
April 15, 2015 at the Headquarters of UNESCO the State Secretary of the Republic of Kazakhstan G.Abdykalikova met with the Director General I.Bokova and spoke at the gala event "Heritage of Korkyt and Turkic World".
On November 24-25, 2015 in Almaty the fourth meeting of the Coordination Committee for the Serial Cross-Border nomination "Silk Road" was held with the participation of experts from 12 countries.
On June 27-29, 2016 in Astana, in cooperation with UNESCO Bangkok, the Central Asian Symposium on ICT in Education (5 member countries) was organized.
On October 24-25, 2016 in Almaty, the 8th meeting of the South and Central Asian Network of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves (15 participating countries) was held.
On November 14, 2016 in Kyzylorda, an expert meeting was held to prepare a serial transnational nomination for the second Syrdarya-Fergana section of the Silk Road (9 member countries).
On November 21-23, 2016 in Astana, in cooperation with the UNESCO ICH Sector, a national training was held to improve legislation in the field of safeguarding the intangible cultural heritage.
In February and March 2017 two expert meetings were held in Kyzylorda and Almaty in the preparation of a multinational application to the Representative List of the ICH of Humanity "Korkyt-Ata Heritage" (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkey). In March 2017 the application was submitted to UNESCO.
On March 29, 2017 in Paris, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan K.Abdrakhmanov met with the UNESCO Director General I.Bokova, during which the latter confirmed its intention to visit Kazakhstan in September 2017 to participate in the international exhibition EXPO-2017 and the OIC Summit on Science and technologies.
On April 4-5, 2017 in Borovoe there was organized an off-site seminar of the UNESCO International Program on Geosciences and Geoparks "Opportunities for the creation of UNESCO's global geoparks in Kazakhstan".
On May 26, 2017 the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan hosted the anniversary event of the National Commission, dedicated to the 25th anniversary of Kazakhstan's accession to UNESCO and the creation of the National Commission.
As part of the popularization of Kazakh culture and art, concerts and exhibitions are held at UNESCO Headquarters on a regular basis (in April 2013, the concert "Eli sariny", in September 2013 the performance of the Academic Orchestra of Kazakh Folk Instruments named after Tattimbet of the Karaganda Region, in October 2013 Exhibition of paintings of the national artist A.Ismayilov, in May 2014 gala concert "Kazakh Eli Classic", in December 2014 concert of the Academic Orchestra of National Instruments named after D.Nurpeisova of Atyrau region, in October 2016 events within the framework of the celebration of 1000 the anniversary of Almaty under the auspices of UNESCO, annually in March together with other countries, a cultural program dedicated to the celebration of Nauryz).
Holders of honorary titles of UNESCO are A.Musahodjaeva - "Artist of the World" (1998) and S.Sapiev - "Goodwill Ambassador for Sport" (2013). In July 1999, Astana was awarded the UNESCO World City Prize.