ORGANISATION OF ISLAMIC COOPERATION
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation was established in 1969 (OIC, until 2011 Organisation of the Islamic Conference).
The Headquarter of the OIC General Secretariat is in Jeddah (the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia).
Currently, the OIC membership includes 56 member states (excluding Syria, membership was suspended in 2012).
The official languages of the OIC are English, Arabic and French.
The main documents of the Organisation are the Charter of the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation and the 10-year strategic document titled OIC-2025: Programme of Action adopted in April 2016.
Kazakhstan is a member of the OIC since 1995. The Permanent Representation of the Republic of Kazakhstan at the OIC has been operating since March 2010 in Jeddah. The Permanent Representative of the Republic of Kazakhstan at the OIC is the Ambassador of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Saudi Arabia – Bakhyt Bahyrshayev.
The presidency of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the 38th session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers, which was held on June 28-30, 2011 in Astana, was one of the notable events in the context of the cooperation between Kazakhstan and OIC. The main result was the decision to rename the Organization to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
In the framework of the 38th session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers, the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbayev announced the initiative to create the Islamic Organization for Food Security (IOFS). The main goal of this initiative is to consolidate the capabilities of the OIC member states in the field of food security.
To date, the Charter of the IOFS has entered into legal force and the Organization with its Headquarter in Astana has begun its work. 32 OIC member states signed the Charter, 12 of which ratified.
On 14-15 April 2016, President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev took part in the regular 13th OIC Summit held in Istanbul. Within the framework of the Summit, the Head of the State, in collaboration with the President of Turkey, R.Erdogan, launched an initiative to start the process of Islamic Rapprochement. Currently, this initiative is included on the agenda of the OIC and is in the focus of attention of the Member States within the context of the conflict resolution in the OIC space.
In addition, the President of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbayev put forward an initiative on the need to develop a program document called “Islamic Infrastructure Initiative” (Triple I). The main goal of the initiative is to maximize the possible integration of transport and logistics systems operating in the OIC space by linking three special development programs of the Islamic Development Bank in “Central Asia”, “Africa”, “the Middle East and North Africa”. Nowadays, the Ministry for investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan is promoting this initiative both in the framework of cooperation with the Islamic Development Bank and the main economic platform of the OIC countries – COMCEC (OIC Standing Committee on Trade and Economic Cooperation), which headquarter is in Ankara (Turkey).
Both initiatives were supported by the participants of the OIC Istanbul Summit and reflected in its Final Communique.
On 10-11 September 2017, under the chairmanship of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev, Astana held the first OIC Summit on Science and Technology (hereinafter referred to as the Summit) titled “Science, Technology, Innovation and Modernization of the Islamic World.” The major outcome of the Summit was the adoption of the Astana Declaration and the OIC Program on Science, Technology and Innovation until 2026 (Agenda 2026), which will become major documents of the Islamic world in the development of science and technology in the nearest future.
In this regard, during the 45th session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers which was held on 5-6 May, 2018 in Dhaka (People`s Republic of Bangladesh), representative of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Ambassador A.Mussinov was elected to the post of the OIC Assistant Secretary General for Science & Technology.
Nowadays, the current agenda of cooperation between Kazakhstan and the OIC is formed by the initiatives of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbayev for the Islamic world:
- The Islamic Organization for Food Security's capacity building;
- Promotion of the Islamic Rapprochement;
- Promotion of the Islamic Infrastructure Integration.
In addition, including in the abovementioned Agenda the new initiative of Kazakhstan to create the platform OIC-15 in the field of science and technology is in the process now.