NEW YORK, February 4, 2019 - For the first time, a briefing was held at the United Nations Headquarters for UN member states and civil society representatives with the participation of elected members of the UN Security Council (UNSC) that completed their work in the UNSC.
Permanent representatives of Kazakhstan, Bolivia, Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden to the UN shared their experience of working in the Security Council in 2017-2018, discussed the main successes and challenges during their time and gave their recommendations to newly elected Council members.
Ambassador Kairat Umarov noted that the main goal of Kazakhstan in the UNSC was to bring attention to Central Asia and Afghanistan, highlight the challenges and opportunities of the region and present its approach to resolving problems for the benefit of the entire world.
“Prioritisation of the economisation of international efforts to stabilise Afghanistan with the active role of the Central Asian states in the process has become an innovative approach proposed by our country,” - K. Umarov stressed. “For the first time we urged the Security Council to approach the country through a developmental lens in combination with the security angle,” – the ambassador added.
Among the main successes of the two-year work in the UN Security Council, the Ambassador of Kazakhstan also mentioned emphasising the importance of strengthening confidence-building measures in addressing nuclear non-proliferation, launching the Code of Conduct towards Achieving the World Free of Terrorism, lifting the Security Council's long-standing sanctions on Eritrea and introducing a new UN Security Council tradition to hold a ceremony of raising the national flags of the countries elected to the UN Security Council, which was recognised as a “bright hallmark” of Kazakhstan.
The main challenge for Kazakhstan, according to the Ambassador, was the erosion of diplomacy and the lack of solid unity in the Security Council. “Searching for solutions to overcome this deep and often irreconcilable divide and returning confidence to ensure the effectiveness of the Security Council's work has become a real challenge for us,” K. Umarov said. “Such polarisation in the UN Security Council is a frightening reality, and it is imperative that a progressive vision is sought as a way out of this situation which can be detrimental to peace and security,” he added.
The participants of the briefing noted the importance of strengthening the role of the UN Security Council non-permanent members, the need for their close cooperation with the Council permanent members and the UN Secretary-General. They emphasised the priority of promoting issues related to climate change, conflict prevention and resolution, addressing humanitarian crises in Syria, Yemen, Myanmar, Somalia, the importance of continuing UN peacekeeping operations in global hot spots, as well as countering new challenges and threats, protecting human rights and the role of women in society.
The briefing was organized by the World Federation of United Nations Associations - a global non-governmental organisation founded in 1946 uniting more than 100 national UN associations around the world to promote international cooperation.